February 28, 2021
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Outlook 2000 VBA Programmers Reference

  • By Dwayne Gifford
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Add Method

The Add method will create and return a new MAPIFolder object in the current Folders collection.

Set MAPIFolderObject = FoldersCollection.Add(Name [, Type])
Name Data type Description
Name String Required, the name of the folder that you see in Outlook.
Type Long Optional, can be one of the OlDefaultFolder constants. If no type is supplied then the new MAPIFolder will inherit its Type from the parent MAPIFolder.

Valid OlDefaultFolder constants for this method are as follows:

Constant Value Description
olFolderCalendar 9 Creates a new Calendar folder
olFolderContacts 10 Creates a new Contacts folder
olFolderDrafts 16 Creates a new Drafts folder
olFolderInbox 6 Creates a new Inbox folder
olFolderJournal 11 Creates a new Journal folder
olFolderNotes 12 Creates a new Notes folder
olFolderTasks 13 Creates a new Tasks folder.

The following constants are not valid when trying to create a new folder:

Constant Value Description
olFolderDeletedItems 3 Represents a DeletedItems folder
olFolderOutbox 4 Represents a Outbox folder
olFolderSentMail 5 Represents a SentMail folder


Dim onMAPI As NameSpace
Dim ofChosenFolder As MAPIFolder
Set onMAPI = Application.GetNamespace("MAPI")
Set ofChosenFolder = onMAPI.PickFolder
ofChosenFolder.Folders.Add "Inbox 2", olFolderInbox

In the above example, the user is prompted by the Pick Folder dialog to choose one of their folders. A new folder called "Inbox 2" is then created in the chosen. The figure below shows the newly created "Inbox 2" MAPIFolder in the original Inbox MAPIFolder.

Blow Up!

More details on the PickFolder method of the NameSpace object are given in chapter 6.

GetFirst Method

The GetFirst method allows you to navigate to the first MAPIFolder object in the referenced collection. If there is no MAPIfolder object in the collection then Nothing is returned.

Set MAPIFolderObject = FoldersCollection.GetFirst

It is always wise to first get a reference to the Folders collection before you use the Get methods on the collection.


Dim onMAPI As NameSpace
Dim ofRootFolder As Folders
Dim ofFirstFolder as MAPIFolder
Set onMAPI = Application.GetNamespace("MAPI")
Set ofRootFolder = onMAPI.Folders
Set ofFirstFolder = ofRootFolder.GetFirst
MsgBox ofFirstFolder

This simple example first sets a reference to the root folders collection. It then uses the GetFirst method to get the first folder within this collection, having first declared it to be a MAPIFolder. Finally its name is displayed in a message box.

GetLast Method

The GetLast method works in a similar fashion to the GetFirst method except it will return the last MAPIFolder in the collection. If there are no folders in the collection it will return Nothing.

Set MAPIFolder = FoldersCollection.GetLast

GetNext Method

The GetNext method moves to the next MAPIFolder in the collection.

Set MAPIFolderObject = FoldersCollection.GetNext


Dim ofcPersonalFolders As Folders
Dim ofFolder As MAPIFolder
Set ofcPersonalFolders =
Set ofFolder = ofcPersonalFolders.GetFirst
Do Until ofFolder Is Nothing
MsgBox ofFolder.Name
Set ofFolder = ofcPersonalFolders.GetNext

In the example above we walk through the folders of the first Folders collection within the Root folders collection for the current profile. For my profile the first collection within the root folder collection is my Personal Folder. A reference is first set to this folder and then the GetFirst and GetNext methods are used to move through each of the folders in this collection. A Do Until loop is employed to check when the end of the Folders collection is reached and the name of each folder is displayed in a message box.

GetPrevious Method

The GetPrevious method provides a way to move to a previous MAPIFolder object in the current collection

Set MAPIFolderObject = FoldersCollection.GetPrevious

Again, I hate to repeat myself but it is always wise to get a reference to the collection that you want to work with before you use any of the Get methods of the Folders collection.

Item Method

The Item method provides a way to reference a particular MAPIFolder. This can be achieved by using the index number of the MAPIFolder within the collection or by using the name of the MAPIfolder.

Set MAPIFolderObject = FoldersCollection.Item(Index)
Name Data type Description
Index Variant Required, either a long representing the position of the MAPIFolder object within the collection or its name as a string.


Dim onMAPI As NameSpace
Dim ofInbox As MAPIFolder
Dim ofFolder As MAPIFolder
Set onMAPI = Application.GetNamespace("MAPI")
Set ofInbox = onMAPI.Folders.GetFirst.Folders.Item("Inbox")
Set ofFolder = onMAPI.Folders.GetFirst.Folders(2)

In this example we get references to two different folders. For the first variable, ofInbox, we pick the folder by its name. The second variable, ofFolder, is set to the second folder within the first folder in the root folders using the index of the folder. For my personal setup this gives me a reference to the Contacts folder, although this may differ for you. Because Item is the default method it is not necessary to type it explicitly, as shown in the last line of code.

Remove Method

The Remove method will take the MAPIFolder referenced by the index parameter and permanently remove it from the Folders collection.

FoldersCollection.Remove Index
Name Data type Description
Index Long Required, represents the position of the MAPIFolder object within the collection that you wish to remove.

Be aware that when a folder is removed with this method, it will remove ALL folders and items within that folder without providing a warning.


Dim onMAPI As NameSpace
Dim ofFolder As MAPIFolder
Dim iFor As Integer
Set onMAPI = Application.GetNamespace("MAPI")
Set ofFolder = onMAPI.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)
ofFolder.Folders.Add "Inbox 3", olFolderInbox
For iFor = 1 To ofFolder.Folders.count
If ofFolder.Folders.Item(iFor).Name = "Inbox 3" Then
ofFolder.Folders.Remove iFor
Exit For
End If

In this example we first add a MAPIFolder to the ofFolder object. We then walk through the Folders collection to locate the MAPIFolder. Once we do locate it we use the Remove method to delete it from the collection and exit the For…Loop.

Page 2 of 6

This article was originally published on November 20, 2002

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