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Codeguru has several examples of sophisticated ListView column

sorting. Here is an extremely simple implementation, which is probably

sufficient for most needs. The code determines which column in the

report was clicked, converts the text data for that column into item

data, then lets the list control perform its standard sorting. The code

below sorts columns of integers; sorting text is even simpler.

1) Use Class Wizard to map the message LVN_COLUMNCLICK to the

ListView handler function OnColumnclick. This will insert the line

ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT(LVN_COLUMNCLICK, OnColumnclick) into your derived

ListView message map. Fill in the OnColumnclick function with the code


2) Add a comparison function to your derived ListView class. The

function prototype should read: static int CALLBACK CompareFunc(LPARAM,

LPARAM, LPARAM). The ListView framework calls this function to compare

ListView items (the first two function parameters). Fill in the

function with the code below.

void CMyListView::OnColumnclick(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)


// Keep track of sort order and column used for sorting.

static int nSortColumn = -1;

static BOOL bSortAscending = TRUE;

// Get the index of the column header that was clicked.


int iColumn = pNMListView -> iSubItem;

// Reverse sort order if column was just previously clicked.

if (iColumn == nSortColumn) { bSortAscending = !bSortAscending; }

else { bSortAscending = TRUE; }

nSortColumn = iColumn;

// Set item data for each row to column value,

// since sort routine gets passed item data only.

CListCtrl& ListCtrl = GetListCtrl();

int nItems = ListCtrl.GetItemCount();

for (int item=0; item<nItems; item++)


CString text = ListCtrl.GetItemText(item, iColumn);

int value = atoi(text); // numeric sort

if (!bSortAscending) { value = -value; }

ListCtrl.SetItemData(item, value);


LPARAM lParamSort = 0;

ListCtrl.SortItems(CompareFunc, lParamSort);


int CALLBACK CMyListView::CompareFunc(LPARAM lParam1, LPARAM lParam2,

LPARAM lParamSort)


// First two parameters are item data to be compared.

// Third parameter is passed from SortItems, not used here.

if (lParam1 < lParam2) { return -1; }

if (lParam1 > lParam2) { return 1; }

return 0;


Data Posted: 04/30/98

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