Practical PHP: Sending E-mail
PHP's ability to send e-mail is so heralded that developers often tout this particular feature as a symbol of the language's practicality. In fact, to send an e-mail from a PHP-powered web site, all you need to do is call the native
mail() function like this:
mail("firstname.lastname@example.org", "Welcome to the Website", "Thank you for registering!");
If you execute this code on any PHP-enabled server running Sendmail, the owner of the address
email@example.com should soon receive a message with the subject
Welcome to the Website and the message body
Thank you for registering!.
- Sending a visitor's contact form query to the appropriate staff member's inbox
- Forwarding a post-purchase order receipt to a customer's e-mail address
- Providing a forgetful user with a password recovery link
- Asking a newly registered user to confirm his e-mail address
The most commonplace way to send these e-mails is through the server-side language you're using to power the web site, and perhaps the easiest language to use in this regards is PHP.
Two aspects of sending e-mail with PHP commonly confuse people:
mail()function doesn't work by default on the Windows platform.
mail()function is not intended for sending large quantities of e-mail.
Find out how to handle these issues and learn everything else you need to know about sending e-mail with PHP by reading Jason Gilmore's entire Web Developer's Virtual Library tutorial.
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