Skip the CRUD: Building a Simple Database Backed Web Application Using Ruby on Rails
Preparing Your Rails Application to Use MySQL
There are three things we need to do to our 'myfirstrailsapp' before we can generate the CRUD operations for our 'guitars' table:
- Update 'myfirstrailsapp' to specify that it will use Rails 1.2.1.
- Point 'myfirstrailsapp' to our MySQL database.
- Make sure our MySQL driver file is available to Ruby.
To update 'myfirstrailsapp' to Rails 1.2.1, you must edit the myfirstrailsapp\config\environment.rb file. Comment out the line referring to Rails 1.1.6 and add a new line specifying Rails 1.2.1:
# Specifies gem version of Rails to use when vendor/rails is not # present # RAILS_GEM_VERSION = '1.1.6' RAILS_GEM_VERSION = '1.2.1'
Pointing 'myfirstrailsapp' to your MySQL database
development: adapter: mysql database: rails username: root password: <your DB password here> host: localhost
Making sure your MySQL driver file is available to Ruby
To ensure that your MySQL driver file is available to Ruby, you need to copy the libmySQL.dll driver file located in your MySQL installation bin directory (C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.0\bin on my system) into the Ruby installation bin directory (C:\ruby\bin on my system). Ruby (and therefore Rails) will use this driver file to access MySQL.
Creating CRUD with Rails
You now can generate the CRUD operations for your 'guitars' database table. To do this, you tell Rails to generate the 'scaffold' for your 'guitars' table. Rails will generate Model, View, and Controller classes within the Rails application and CRUD operations to access the 'guitars' table. Issue the following to have Rails generate the scaffold:
As you can see, Rails generated a guitars directory in the application's views folder, a guitars.rhtml file in the views/layouts folder, a guitars_controller.rb file in the controllers folder, and a guitar.rb file in the models folder.
You now can start the 'myfirstrailsapp' web application by entering the following command rails ruby scriptserver:
Point your browser to http://localhost:3000/guitars. You will see an (empty) listing of the 'guitars' database table:
You now can enter a new 'guitar' by clicking the 'New Guitar' link, entering your first guitar's information, and clicking the 'Create' button:
You are sent back to the listing page, which shows your newly added guitar entry, along with a confirmation message:
Look at the database and confirm that you have this new record in the 'guitars' table:
After entering a few more guitars, you have the following listing:
You also can view and edit an entry by clicking the 'Show' and 'Edit' links.
Rails has generated all the CRUD operations for the 'guitars' table, and provided you with a web-based interface to manipulate its data. The beauty of Rails is all of this took place without having to write one line of Ruby code!
This second article in my Ruby on Rails series has shown you how to connect your web application to the MySQL database and add CRUD (Create, Read, Update, and Delete) support to the web application. Rails provides the scaffolding to get you started with CRUD operations, leaving you with the task of enhancing your application with the business rules. That is the beauty of Rails; it follows the DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself) principle, effectively making the easy things simple, and giving you more time to work on the hard stuff. In the next installment of this series, you will enhance your application's user interface and get your hands dirty with some Ruby coding.
About the Author
Dominic Da Silva (http://www.dominicdasilva.com/) is the President of SilvaSoft, Inc., a software consulting company specializing in Java, Ruby, and .NET-based web and web services development. He has worked with Java since the year 2000 and is a Linux user from the 1.0 days. He is also Sun Certified for the Java 2 platform. Born on the beautiful Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago, he now makes his home in sunny Orlando, Florida.
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